Types of Air Compressors

13 Mar

Air compressors are mechanical devices which increase the pressure of the air or a liquid by reducing its volume. An air compressor uses the principles of the dynamic pressure reciprocity and is designed to increase the pressure of air. An ingersoll compressor works with two compressor tanks, the inlet tank holding compressed air and the outlet tank holding the gas or the liquid being compressed. An air compressor is usually a special kind of gas compressor.

Two primary types of compressors are generally classified according to their pressure producing capacities. The most commonly used air compressors are the single-stage reciprocating compressor, which is capable of releasing three times more pressure than the double-stage one. Single-stage compressors can use tanks of up to twenty pounds, while the largest tank usually used in multi-stage units is one hundred seventy pounds. There are also variable-thickness air compressors, which have tanks of varying thicknesses to suit the needs of different applications.

Jet air compressors are also used to pressurize the air into a container of specified size and shape. Jet compressors utilize high-pressure air to apply a constant force on the gaseous stream. Jet compressors require high-pressurized environments such as aboard a plane, ship, or pipeline. Jet compressors differ from compressors in other respects such as in the principle used to create a pressurized flow; the inlet and discharge pressure; pressure range; cycle times; and noise level. Jet compressors can be of various designs such as scroll compressors, rotary screw compressors, reciprocating screw compressors, and Downdraft or lobed-rotor compressors. They have high capacity and high efficiency; the higher the capacity the lower the operating costs are. Visit link to see available portable air compressor for sale now.

A compressor of any type can have an output pressure that ranges from ten pounds per square inch to one and a half tons per square inch. The output pressure is dependent upon the cubic feet of air that the compressor can handle at any given time. The higher the output pressure, the greater the speed of the compressor, which translates to greater energy consumption and a faster drying time. Air compressors can also have variable-speed motors, which is very beneficial when working on a project that requires sudden changing pressures.
Compressors are usually categorized according to the method by which the air is compressed. Downdraft and Rotary screw compressors are examples of rotary compression systems. Jet compressors are compressed using high-pressure gas such as rocket fuel. Air compression is done through positive displacement or a drum pump. Air-compressors can either be oil-lubricated or oil-free and have various options as far as control is concerned.

Oil less compressors do not use oil as a lubricant, thus making them more environmentally friendly. The cost of operation for an oil-less compressor is significantly lower than oil compressors. Oil less compressors can also be very noisy due to the vibrations in the pump. Oil compressors also need oil changes after certain periods of operation, but do not require as much maintenance as their oil-lubricated counterparts. Oil less compressors are recommended for heating applications, where vibrations caused by the pump can cause excessive wear and tear of the compressor parts. Check out this related post to get more enlightened on the topic: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_compressor.

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